RocketMQ分布式消息中间件-Centos7安装运行

消息队列作为高并发系统的核心组件之一,能够帮助业务系统解构提升开发效率和系统稳定性。最近公司的项目也是用上了RocketMQ,所以这里记录一下RocketMQ环境安装部署过程。

环境准备

我们假设你已经设置好如下环境,没有的先自行安装环境,这里不做展开

  • Centos7:我这里用的是阿里云服务器,Centos7,内核:3.10.0-693.2.2.el7.x86_64
  • JDK1.8:JDK版本:JDK_1.8.0_201_64-Bit
  • Maven:Apache Maven 3.6.0
  • unzip:解压工具,用来解压安装包,没有该工具可直接使用 yum install unzip -y 安装

# 文档及代码
# 安装方式一:二进制直接运行
  • 二进制文件:http://mirrors.shu.edu.cn/apache/rocketmq/4.5.0/rocketmq-all-4.5.0-bin-release.zip

  • 下载二进制文件:wget http://mirrors.shu.edu.cn/apache/rocketmq/4.5.0/rocketmq-all-4.5.0-bin-release.zip

  • 解压:unzip rocketmq-all-4.5.0-bin-release.zip

  • 进入解压后的二进制文件目录:cd rocketmq-all-4.5.0-bin-release

  • 看到以下目录结构:

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    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 Mar 29 17:37 benchmark
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 17:37 bin
    drwxr-xr-x 6 root root 4096 Mar 29 17:37 conf
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Mar 29 17:37 lib
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 17336 Mar 28 19:52 LICENSE
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1337 Mar 28 19:53 NOTICE
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2521 Mar 28 19:53 README.md

启动NameServer服务

  • 后台启动Name Server服务:nohup sh bin/mqnamesrv &
  • 查看启动日志:tail -f ~/logs/rocketmqlogs/namesrv.log

这里如果你的系统配置如果不够高那么你可能会遇到如下错误:

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Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM warning: Using the DefNew young collector with the CMS collector is deprecated and will likely be removed in a future release
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM warning: UseCMSCompactAtFullCollection is deprecated and will likely be removed in a future release.
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM warning: INFO: os::commit_memory(0x00000006ec800000, 2147483648, 0) failed; error='Cannot allocate memory' (errno=12)
#
# There is insufficient memory for the Java Runtime Environment to continue.
# Native memory allocation (mmap) failed to map 2147483648 bytes for committing reserved memory.
# An error report file with more information is saved as:
# /root/rocketmq-all-4.5.0-bin-release/hs_err_pid16614.log

日志已经提示出来了,你也可以打开日志文件查看详细信息:tail -f ~/logs/rocketmqlogs/broker.log

这里的报错是因为内存分配失败,解决方法请往下翻到第五节查看。

启动Broker服务

  • 后台启动Broker服务:nohup sh bin/mqbroker -n localhost:9876 &

  • 查看启动日志:tail -f ~/logs/rocketmqlogs/broker.log

这里同样可能会遇到内存分配失败的错误

运行消息生产者测试

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> export NAMESRV_ADDR=localhost:9876
> sh bin/tools.sh org.apache.rocketmq.example.quickstart.Producer
SendResult [sendStatus=SEND_OK, msgId= ...

运行消息消费者测试

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> sh bin/tools.sh org.apache.rocketmq.example.quickstart.Consumer
ConsumeMessageThread_%d Receive New Messages: [MessageExt...

两项测试如果均运行成功那么RocketMQ服务安装没什么问题了

关闭服务

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> sh bin/mqshutdown broker
The mqbroker(36695) is running...
Send shutdown request to mqbroker(36695) OK

> sh bin/mqshutdown namesrv
The mqnamesrv(36664) is running...
Send shutdown request to mqnamesrv(36664) OK

# 安装方式二:源码编译运行

下载及编译

  • 源代码地址:http://mirrors.shu.edu.cn/apache/rocketmq/4.5.0/rocketmq-all-4.5.0-source-release.zip

  • 下载源码:wget http://mirrors.shu.edu.cn/apache/rocketmq/4.5.0/rocketmq-all-4.5.0-source-release.zip

  • 解压:unzip rocketmq-all-4.5.0-source-release.zip

  • 进入解压后的源码目录:cd rocketmq-all-4.5.0

  • 可以看到有如下文件:

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    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root  4096 Mar 29 13:20 acl
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 broker
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 997 Mar 29 13:20 BUILDING
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 client
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 common
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1997 Mar 29 13:20 CONTRIBUTING.md
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 271 Mar 29 13:20 DEPENDENCIES
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 dev
    drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 distribution
    drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 docs
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 example
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 filter
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 11365 Mar 29 13:20 LICENSE
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 logappender
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 logging
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 namesrv
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 168 Mar 29 13:20 NOTICE
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 openmessaging
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 23992 Mar 29 13:20 pom.xml
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2521 Mar 29 13:20 README.md
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 remoting
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 srvutil
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 store
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 style
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 test
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 tools
  • 执行mvn命令编译:mvn -Prelease-all -DskipTests clean install -U,该过程可能会下载若干依赖,耐心等待即可

  • 有如下显示表示编译成功

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    [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
    [INFO] Reactor Summary for Apache RocketMQ 4.5.0 4.5.0:
    [INFO]
    [INFO] Apache RocketMQ 4.5.0 .............................. SUCCESS [ 4.318 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-logging 4.5.0 ............................. SUCCESS [ 3.083 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-remoting 4.5.0 ............................ SUCCESS [ 2.057 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-common 4.5.0 .............................. SUCCESS [ 3.052 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-client 4.5.0 .............................. SUCCESS [ 3.730 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-store 4.5.0 ............................... SUCCESS [ 4.995 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-srvutil 4.5.0 ............................. SUCCESS [ 0.360 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-filter 4.5.0 .............................. SUCCESS [ 1.033 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-acl 4.5.0 ................................. SUCCESS [ 0.741 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-broker 4.5.0 .............................. SUCCESS [ 2.966 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-tools 4.5.0 ............................... SUCCESS [ 1.758 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-namesrv 4.5.0 ............................. SUCCESS [ 0.745 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-logappender 4.5.0 ......................... SUCCESS [ 0.707 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-openmessaging 4.5.0 ....................... SUCCESS [ 0.594 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-example 4.5.0 ............................. SUCCESS [ 0.780 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-test 4.5.0 ................................ SUCCESS [ 1.218 s]
    [INFO] rocketmq-distribution 4.5.0 ........................ SUCCESS [ 5.352 s]
    [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
    [INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
    [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
    [INFO] Total time: 37.829 s
    [INFO] Finished at: 2019-04-08T17:53:30+08:00
    [INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
  • 进入编译后的目录:cd distribution/target/apache-rocketmq

  • 看到以下目录结构

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    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 Apr  8 17:53 benchmark
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 bin
    drwxr-xr-x 6 root root 4096 Mar 29 13:20 conf
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Apr 8 17:53 lib
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 17336 Mar 29 13:20 LICENSE
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1337 Mar 29 13:20 NOTICE
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2521 Mar 29 13:20 README.md0
  • 到这里源码编译完成,下面的步骤跟二进制运行方式一样,请查看二进制运行方式


# 采坑记录

内存分配失败

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Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM warning: INFO: os::commit_memory(0x00000005c0000000, 8589934592, 0) failed; error='Cannot allocate memory' (errno=12)
#
# There is insufficient memory for the Java Runtime Environment to continue.
# Native memory allocation (mmap) failed to map 8589934592 bytes for committing reserved memory.
# An error report file with more information is saved as:
# /root/rocketmq-all-4.5.0-bin-release/hs_err_pid17515.log

遇到这个错误,请修改 bin 目录下的 runserver.shrunbroker.sh 这两个文件:

runserver.sh

将默认的4g调整为合适的大小,我这里给了256m

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#===========================================================================================
# JVM Configuration
#===========================================================================================
#JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -server -Xms4g -Xmx4g -Xmn2g -XX:MetaspaceSize=128m -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize=320m"
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -server -Xms256m -Xmx256m -Xmn128m -XX:MetaspaceSize=128m -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize=320m"
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC -XX:+UseCMSCompactAtFullCollection -XX:CMSInitiatingOccupancyFraction=70 -XX:+CMSParallelRemarkEnabled -XX:Sof
tRefLRUPolicyMSPerMB=0 -XX:+CMSClassUnloadingEnabled -XX:SurvivorRatio=8 -XX:-UseParNewGC"
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -verbose:gc -Xloggc:/dev/shm/rmq_srv_gc.log -XX:+PrintGCDetails"
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -XX:-OmitStackTraceInFastThrow"
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -XX:-UseLargePages"
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -Djava.ext.dirs=${JAVA_HOME}/jre/lib/ext:${BASE_DIR}/lib"
#JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -Xdebug -Xrunjdwp:transport=dt_socket,address=9555,server=y,suspend=n"

runbroker.sh

同理,将默认的8g调整为合适的大小,我这里也给了256m

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#===========================================================================================
# JVM Configuration
#===========================================================================================
#JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -server -Xms8g -Xmx8g -Xmn4g"
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -server -Xms256m -Xmx256m -Xmn128m"
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -XX:+UseG1GC -XX:G1HeapRegionSize=16m -XX:G1ReservePercent=25 -XX:InitiatingHeapOccupancyPercent=30 -XX:SoftRefLRUPolicyMSPerMB=0"
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -verbose:gc -Xloggc:/dev/shm/mq_gc_%p.log -XX:+PrintGCDetails -XX:+PrintGCDateStamps -XX:+PrintGCApplicationStoppedTime -XX:+PrintAdap
tiveSizePolicy"
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -XX:+UseGCLogFileRotation -XX:NumberOfGCLogFiles=5 -XX:GCLogFileSize=30m"
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -XX:-OmitStackTraceInFastThrow"
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -XX:+AlwaysPreTouch"
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -XX:MaxDirectMemorySize=15g"

以上只是我个人在安装运行过程中的一些记录和遇到的坑,如有不完善的地方欢迎指出,我也会在文中继续补充完善。

本文参考内容:
http://jm.taobao.org/2017/01/12/rocketmq-quick-start-in-10-minutes/
https://blog.csdn.net/wangmx1993328/article/details/81536168

明人不说暗话,如果你觉得可以的话,你懂的!